| Share


Kalmar (kälˈmär) [key], city (1990 pop. 30,820), capital of Kalmar co. (1995 pop. 144,060), SE Sweden, on the Kalmarsund (an arm of the Baltic Sea) opposite Öland Island. It is a commercial, industrial, and tourist center and is connected by ferry with Öland. Manufactures include machinery, matches, glass, processed food, and ships. It has been an important trade center since the 8th cent. The Kalmar Union was negotiated there in 1397. Kalmar has a 13th-century castle, Kalmar Slott, which withstood numerous sieges in the Danish-Swedish wars of the 16th-17th cent. The name is also spelled Calmar.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Kalmar from Infoplease:

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Scandinavian Political Geography

Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring