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Jarrow, town (1991 pop. 31,345), South Tyneside metropolitan district, NE England, on the Tyne estuary. Industries include the manufacture of iron and steel products, oil installations, and shipbuilding and repairing. St. Paul's Church and an adjacent Benedictine monastery (now in ruins) were both founded in the 7th cent. The Venerable Bede lived, worked, and died in the monastery. Jarrow lent its name to the hunger marches that were made across England to London during the 1930s. In 1967 the Tyne Tunnel (beneath the Tyne River) was opened, connecting Jarrow with Willington.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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