| Share
 

Izmit

Izmit (ĭzmētˈ) [key] or Kocaeli kōˌjäĕlˈē, city (1990 pop. 254,768), capital of Kocaeli prov., NW Turkey, on the Bay of Izmit, at the eastern end of the Sea of Marmara. A port, it is the center of a rich tobacco- and olive-growing region. Manufactures include paper, petrochemicals, textiles, beer, and cement. Founded c.712 B.C., it was rebuilt in 264 B.C. by Nicomedus I of Bithynia, who made it his capital, Nicomedia. It was shattered by an earthquake in 1999.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Izmit from Infoplease:

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Turkey Political Geography


Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring