|  Share | Cite


Hallstatt (hälˈshtät) [key], village, Upper Austria prov., W central Austria, in the Salzkammergut, on the Lake of Hallstatt. A tourist center, it is one of the oldest settlements in Austria. The term Hallstatt now refers to late Bronze and early Iron Age culture in central and western Europe. During excavations in the latter half of the 19th cent., more than 2,000 graves were discovered in an ancient cemetery near Hallstatt. Most of the graves dated to two time periods, an earlier (c.1100/1000 to c.800/700 B.C.) and a later (c.800/700 to 450 B.C.). Near the cemetery, preserved in a prehistoric salt mine, the bodies of miners have been discovered, as well as their implements and clothing.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Hallstatt from Infoplease:

  • Salzkammergut - Salzkammergut Salzkammergut , resort area in Upper Austria, Styria, and Salzburg provs., W Austria. ...
  • Villanovan culture - Villanovan culture Villanovan culture, the culture of a people of N Italy in the early Iron Age ...
  • Iron Age - Iron Age Iron Age, period in the development of industry that begins with the general use of iron ...
  • Encyclopedia: Austria Political Geography - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Austria Political Geography.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Austria Political Geography