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Goiânia (gŏyäˈnyə) [key], city (1996 pop. 998,520), capital of Goiás state, S central Brazil. A modern planned city, it was built to replace the old city of Goiás as state capital and was inaugurated as such in 1937. It is a shipping and processing center for a region producing cattle, minerals, and agricultural commodities. Goiânia is the seat of a federal university (est. 1964) and of several technical schools.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: South American Political Geography

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