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Fukui (fŏkōˈē, fŏkˈō-ē) [key], city (1990 pop. 252,743), capital of Fukui prefecture, central Honshu, Japan. A modern textile center, it is especially noted for silk manufactures. It was an important silk-weaving center in the 10th cent. and became a castle town in the 16th cent. The city suffered a disastrous earthquake in 1948. Fukui prefecture (1990 pop. 823,565), 1,647 sq mi (4,266 sq km), is bounded by Wakasa Bay and the Sea of Japan. It is mountainous, with a wide coastal plain and small streams. Rice growing, forestry, and poultry raising are major occupations. Tsuruga is the main port, and Takebu is an important town.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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See more Encyclopedia articles on: Japanese Political Geography

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