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Feodosiya

Feodosiya (fāˌədôˈsēə) [key], city (1990 est. pop. 85,000), S Ukraine, on the Crimean peninsula. It is a major Black Sea port at the western end of the Feodosiya Gulf. Feodosiya is also a rail terminus. A popular Crimean sea and health resort, Feodosiya has beaches, mineral springs, and mud baths. The city occupies the site of ancient Theodosia, which was founded in the 6th cent. B.C. by Greek colonists from Miletus. Theodosia, noted for its grain exports, was destroyed by the Huns in the 4th cent. A.D.; it existed thereafter as an insignificant village until the Genoese arrived in the 13th cent., established a flourishing trade colony, and virtually monopolized Black Sea commerce. Under their rule, the city was called Caffa or Kaffa and served as the chief port and administrative center of Genoese possessions along the Black Sea coast. The khan of Crimea, an ally of the Turks, conquered the city in 1475; it remained under Turko-Tatar control until Russia's annexation of the Crimea in 1783. In 1802 it was named Feodosiya. German forces captured it twice during World War II. The ruins of the Genoese fortifications still stand.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Feodosiya from Infoplease:

  • Kaffa - Kaffa: Kaffa: see Feodosiya, Ukraine.
  • Caffa - Caffa: Caffa: see Feodosiya, Ukraine.
  • Theodosia - Theodosia: Theodosia: see Feodosiya, Ukraine.
  • Crimea - Crimea Crimea , Rus. and Ukr. Krym, peninsula and autonomous republic (1991 est. pop. 2,363,000), ...
  • Ukraine - Learn about the history, geography and culture of Ukraine and find statistical and demographic information.|Information on Ukraine — map of Ukraine, geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, and the national flag.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: CIS and Baltic Political Geography


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