See R. I. Rotberg, Africa and Its Explorers (1970); J. H. Parry, Age of Reconnaissance: Discovery, Exploration, and Settlement, 1450–1650 (1970); S. E. Morison, The European Discovery of America: The Northern Voyages, A.D. 500–1600 (1971) and The European Discovery of America: The Southern Voyages, A.D. 1492–1616 (1974); K. R. Andrews, Trade, Plunder, and Settlement: Maritime Enterprise and the Genesis of the British Empire, 1480–1630 (1984); P. D. Curtin, Cross-Cultural Trade in World History (1984).
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