| Share


Évora (ĕˈvôrə) [key], town (1991 pop. 38,938), capital of Évora dist. and of Altro Alentejo, S central Portugal. It is the commercial center of a fertile agricultural area. Cork and textiles are produced and iron, copper, and marble are mined. Called Ebora and Liberalitas Julia (after Julius Caesar) in Roman times, the temple of Diana there is an impressive ruin. Évora was an episcopal see early in the Christian era and later a center of trade under the Moors. It was recovered by the Portuguese under Gerald the Fearless (Geraldo Sem-Pavor) in 1166. After 1385 it was for many years the favorite seat of the Portuguese court. The old cathedral (12th–13th cent.) is a fine example of Romanesque style. The former Jesuit university (1559–1759) now houses a high school. It is the site of the Univ. of Évora.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Spanish and Portuguese Political Geography

Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring