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Elburz

Elburz (ĕlbŏrzˈ) [key], mountain range, N Iran, between the Caspian Sea and the central Iranian plateau; rises to 18,606 ft (5,671 m) at Mt. Damavand. The range consists of steep, narrow, parallel ridges crossed only by the Safid Rud, whose valley forms the main trans-Elburz route. The northern slopes of the Elburz are rainy and forested; the southern slope is semiarid. Snowcapped water peaks provide seasonal meltwater, which is used for irrigation and industry.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Elburz from Infoplease:

  • Demavend: meaning and definitions - Demavend: Definition and Pronunciation
  • Sefid Rud - Sefid Rud Sefid Rud or Safid Rud, river, c.450 mi (720 km) long, rising in NW Iran and flowing ...
  • Paropamisus - Paropamisus Paropamisus , mountain range, NW Afghanistan, stretching c.300 mi (480 km) W from the ...
  • Damavand - Damavand Damavand or Demavend, volcanic cone, 18,606 ft (5,671 m) high, in the Elburz range, N ...
  • Mazandaran - Mazandaran Mazandaran or Mazanderan, province (1991 pop. 3,793,149), c.20,400 sq mi (52,840 sq km), ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Middle Eastern and Iranian Physical Geography


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