| Share

Dasht-e Kavir

Dasht-e Kavir (däsht-ēkävērˈ) [key], great salt desert, c.500 mi (800 km) long and c.200 mi (320 km) wide, SE of the Elburz Mts., N central Iran. It is a huge basin of interior drainage named after the kavirs (salt marshes) located there. The Kavir Buzurg (Great Kavir), c.200 mi (320 km) long and c.100 mi (160 km) wide, lies in the heart of the region; low sandy hills separate it from smaller kavirs. An almost rainless climate with strong surface evaporation has created a crust of salt over the marsh and mud lands. Chemical salts balance the evaporation by drawing moisture from the substrata and the atmosphere. Because its kavirs have properties similar to quicksand, travel in the Dasht-e Kavir is extremely dangerous. It is almost uninhabited and only partly explored; settlement is restricted to the hills and surrounding mountains. Extending S from the Dasht-e Kavir is the Dasht-e Lut, a sand and stone desert, c.300 mi (480 km) long and c.200 mi (320 km) wide; it consists of dried-out kavirs and contains a large salt marsh. The two deserts occupy most of the central Iranian plateau.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Dasht-e Kavir from Infoplease:

  • Dasht-e Lut - Dasht-e Lut Dasht-e Lut, Iran: see Dasht-e Kavir.
  • cheetah - cheetah cheetah , carnivore of the cat family, Acinonyx jubatus, native to Africa S of the Sahara ...
  • Kavir Buzurg - Kavir Buzurg Kavir Buzurg, Iran: see Dasht-e Kavir.
  • Iran: Land - Land Physiographically, Iran lies within the Alpine-Himalayan mountain system and is composed of a ...
  • Encyclopedia: Middle Eastern Physical Geography - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Middle Eastern Physical Geography.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Middle Eastern and Iranian Physical Geography

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring