| Share
 

Covent Garden

Covent Garden (kŭvˈənt) [key], area in London historically containing the city's principal fruit and garden market and the Royal Opera House. The market was established in 1671 by Charles II on the site of the abbot of Westminster's convent garden, from which the area's name is derived. In 1974 the entire market was transferred to a new site at Nine Elms on the South Bank of the Thames near Vauxhall. Since then, Covent Garden has renovated old market buildings and become a popular shopping area, with many individual stores and stalls that sell high-quality goods. The Royal Opera House was erected on the site of the Theatre Royal built in 1732. After being repaired and enlarged in 1787, the theater burned down in 1808 and again in 1856. It was rebuilt in 1858 to house opera and ballet. The Royal Ballet began performing there in the spring of 1946. The Royal Opera House reopened in Dec., 1999, after an 18-month renovation.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Covent Garden from Infoplease:

  • Covent Garden: meaning and definitions - Covent Garden: Definition and Pronunciation
  • Covent Garden - Covent Garden A corruption of Convent Garden; the garden and burial ground attached to the convent ...
  • John Rich - Rich, John Rich, John, 1692–1761, English actor-manager. Rich introduced pantomime to ...
  • Joseph Grimaldi - Grimaldi, Joseph Grimaldi, Joseph , 1779–1837, English pantomime actor and clown. He made his ...
  • Jan Kubelík - Kubelík, Jan Kubelík, Jan , 1880–1940, Czech violinist. Kubelík studied ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: British and Irish Physical Geography