|  Share | Cite


Cajamarca (kähämärˈkä) [key], city (1993 pop. 123,195), capital of Cajamarca prov., N Peru. An important commercial center, Cajamarca is situated at an altitude of c.9,000 ft (2,740 m) and has a cool, dry climate. Most of the population is indigenous. Grains and alfalfa as well as dairy cattle are raised in the region, and gold, silver, and copper come from nearby mines. Textiles, headwear, and leather products are manufactured. Francisco Pizarro captured the Inca ruler Atahualpa in 1532 at Cajamarca. Inca ruins and nearby thermal springs attract many tourists. National Technical Univ. is located in Cajamarca.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Cajamarca from Infoplease:

  • Atahualpa - Atahualpa Atahualpa , d. 1533, favorite son of Huayna Capac, Inca of Peru. At his father's ...
  • Carlos Castaneda - Biography of Carlos Castaneda, Author of The Teachings of don Juan
  • Pachacamac - Pachacamac Pachacamac , ruins of a walled Native American settlement, Peru, about 25 mi (40 km) SE ...
  • Francisco Pizarro - Pizarro, Francisco Pizarro, Francisco , c.1476–1541, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Peru. ...
  • Encyclopedia: South American Political Geography - Encyclopeadia articles concerning South American Political Geography.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: South American Political Geography