| Share
 

Chesapeake and Ohio Canal

Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, former waterway, c.185 mi (300 km) long, from Washington, D.C., to Cumberland, Md., running along the north bank of the Potomac River. A successor to the Potomac Company's (1784–1828) navigation improvement project, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal was planned to extend W to Pittsburgh. Work was begun in 1828, but financial and labor problems (leading in 1834 to the first use of federal troops to settle a labor dispute), as well as opposition from the rival Baltimore and Ohio RR, delayed completion to Cumberland until 1850. Although extension to Pittsburgh proved impractical, the canal experienced a busy period in the 1870s carrying coal from the Cumberland mines. The canal was used until it was damaged by floods in 1924; in 1938 it was sold to the U.S. government. Partially restored, the canal and its towpath were proclaimed a national monument in 1961 and in 1971 became a national historical park (see National Parks and Monuments, table).

See study by G. W. Ward (1899, repr. 1973).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Chesapeake and Ohio Canal from Infoplease:

  • Michael Cresap SPRIGG - Michael Cresap SPRIGG (1791-1845) SPRIGG, Michael Cresap, (brother of James Cresap Sprigg), a ...
  • Samuel HAMBLETON - Samuel HAMBLETON (1812-1886) HAMBLETON, Samuel, a Representative from Maryland; born at ...
  • James CARROLL - James CARROLL (1791-1873) CARROLL, James, a Representative from Maryland; born in Baltimore, Md., ...
  • James GEDDES - James GEDDES (1763-1838) GEDDES, James, a Representative from New York; born near Carlisle, Pa., ...
  • Potomac - Potomac Potomac , river, 285 mi (459 km) long, formed SE of Cumberland, Md., by the confluence of ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. Physical Geography

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring