| Share
 

archery

archery, sport of shooting with bow and arrow, an important military and hunting skill before the introduction of gunpowder. England's Charles II fostered archery as sport, establishing in 1673 the world's oldest continuous archery tournament, the Ancient Scorton Arrow Contest. Clubs mushroomed throughout Europe from the late 17th cent. A revived interest in the United States led to the formation of the National Archery Association in 1879. Though field archery (using bows without sights), flight shooting (for distance), and crossbow are competitive sports, the primary international contests involve target shooting, the object of which is to score points with a specified number of arrows aimed at the target's center—a "pinhole" dot surrounded by nine concentric colored circles. The value of hits decreases from the pinhole to the outermost circle. Although archery competitions were occasional Olympic events until 1920, they took an official place on the program only in 1972. The Fédération Internationale de Tir à l'Arc (FITA; est. 1930) governs international competition. In recent decades, the bow and arrow has also regained popularity as a hunting weapon.

See F. Bear, The Archer's Bible (rev ed. 1980).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on archery from Infoplease:

  • Archery - 2004 Archery MEN Event Individual Marco Galiazzo, ITA Hiroshi Yamamoto, JPN Tim Cuddihy, AUS Team ...
  • Archery - 2004 Archery MEN Event Individual Marco Galiazzo, ITA Hiroshi Yamamoto, JPN Tim Cuddihy, AUS Team ...
  • Olympic Preview: Archery - Summer Olympics preview of archery
  • Archery - Archery (70 meters) Men Women Information Please® Database, © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. ...
  • Archery - Archery (70 meters) MEN WOMEN Information Please® Database, © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc. ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Sports


Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring