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Popes of the Roman Catholic Church

Popes of the Roman Catholic ChurchIn the following list, the date of election, rather than of consecration, is given. Before St. Victor I (189), dates may err by one year. Antipopes—i.e., those men whose elections have been declared uncanonical—are indicated.

St. PeterPeter-St , d. 64? or 67?
St. LinusLinus-St , 67?–76?
St. CletusCletus , or Anacletus, 76?–88?
St. Clement IClement1St , 88?–97?
St. Evaristus, 97?–105?
St. Alexander I, 105?–115?
St. Sixtus I, 115?–125?
St. Telesphorus, 125?–136?
St. Hyginus, 136?–140?
St. Pius I, 140?–155?
St. Anicetus, 155?–166?
St. Soter, 166?–175?
St. Eleutherius, 175?–189?
St. Victor I, 189–99
St. Zephyrinus, 199–217
St. Calixtus ICalixtus1 , 217–22
antipope: St. HippolytusHippolSt , 217–35
St. Urban I, 222–30
St. Pontian, 230–35
St. Anterus, 235–36
St. FabianFabian-S , 236–50
St. CorneliusCorneliuSt , 251–53
antipope: Novatian, 251
St. Lucius I, 253–54
St. Stephen I, 254–57
St. Sixtus II, 257–58
St. Dionysius, 259–68
St. Felix I, 269–74
St. Eutychian, 275–83
St. Caius, 283–96
St. Marcellinus, 296–304
St. Marcellus I, c.308–309
St. Eusebius, 309–c.310
St. Miltiades, or Melchiades, 311–14
St. Sylvester ISylvest1 , 314–35
St. Marcus, 336
St. Julius IJuliusI , 337–52
Liberius, 352–66
antipope: FelixFelix , 355–65
St. Damasus IDamasusI , 366–84
antipope: Ursinus, 366–67
St. Siricius, 384–99
St. Anastasius I, 399–401
St. Innocent IInnocent1 , 401–17
St. Zosimus, 417–18
St. Boniface I, 418–22
antipope: Eulalius, 418–19
St. Celestine ICelestinI , 422–32
St. Sixtus III, 432–40
St. Leo I, 440–61
St. Hilary, 461–68
St. Simplicius, 468–83
St. Felix III (or II), 483–92
St. Gelasius IGelasius , 492–96
Anastasius II, 496–98
St. Symmachus, 498–514
antipope: Lawrence, 498–505
St. Hormisdas, 514–23
St. John I, 523–26
St. Felix IV (or III) 526–30
Boniface II, 530–32
pope or antipope: Dioscurus, 530
John II, 533–35
St. Agapetus I, 535–36
St. SilveriusSilveriu , 536–37
VigiliusVigilius , 537–55
Pelagius I, 556–61
John III, 561–74
Benedict I, 575–79
Pelagius II, 579–90
St. Gregory IGregory1 , 590–604
Sabinian, 604–6
Boniface III, 607
St. Boniface IV, 608–15
St. Deusdedit, or Adeodatus I, 615–18
Boniface V, 619–25
Honorius IHonorius1 , 625–38
Severinus, 640
John IV, 640–42
Theodore I, 642–49
St. Martin IMartinI , 649–55
St. Eugene I, 654–57
St. Vitalian, 657–72
Adeodatus II, 672–76
Donus, 676–78
St. Agatho, 678–81
St. Leo II, 682–83
St. Benedict II, 684–85
John V, 685–86
Conon, 686–87
antipope: Theodore, 687
antipope: Paschal, 687
St. Sergius I, 687–701
John VI, 701–5
John VII, 705–7
Sisinnius, 708
Constantine, 708–15
St. Gregory IIGregory2 , 715–31
St. Gregory III, 731–41
St. ZachariasZacharsSt , 741–52
Stephen II, 752 (never consecrated)
Stephen IIStphn2 (or III), 752–57
St. Paul I, 757–67
antipope: Constantine, 767–69
antipope: Philip, 768
Stephen III (or IV), 768–72
Adrian IAdrian1 , 772–95
St. Leo IIILeo3-St , 795–816
Stephen IV (or V), 816–17
St. Paschal I, 817–24
Eugene II, 824–27
Valentine, 827
Gregory IV, 827–44
antipope: John, 844
Sergius II, 844–47
St. Leo IVLeo4-St , 847–55
Benedict III, 855–58
antipope: Anastasius, 855
St. Nicholas INichls1 , 858–67
Adrian II, 867–72
John VIIIJohn8 , 872–82
Marinus I, 882–84
St. Adrian III, 884–85
Stephen V (or VI), 885–91
FormosusFormosus , 891–96
Boniface VI, 896
Stephen VI (or VII), 896–97
Romanus, 897
Theodore II, 897
John IX, 898–900
Benedict IV, 900–903
Leo V, 903
antipope: Christopher, 903–4
Sergius III, 904–11
Anastasius III, 911–13
Lando, 913–14
John X, 914–28
Leo VI, 928
Stephen VII (or VIII), 928–31
John XI, 931–35
Leo VII, 936–39
Stephen VIII (or IX), 939–42
Marinus II, 942–46
Agapetus II, 946–55
John XIIJohn12 , 955–64
Leo VII, 963–65, or Benedict V, 964–66 ( one of these was an antipope )
John XIII, 965–72
Benedict VI, 973–74
antipope: Boniface VII, 974, 984–85
Benedict VII, 974–83
John XIV, 983–84
John XV, 985–96
Gregory V, 996–99
antipope: John XVI, 997–98
Sylvester IISylvest2 , 999–1003
John XVII, 1003
John XVIII, 1004–9
Sergius IV, 1009–12
Benedict VIII, 1012–24
antipope: Gregory, 1012
John XIX, 1024–32
Benedict IX, 1032–44
Sylvester III, 1045
Benedict IX, 1045
Gregory VI, 1045–46
Clement II, 1046–47
Benedict IX, 1047–48
Damasus II, 1048
St. Leo IXLeo9-St , 1049–54
Victor II, 1055–57
Stephen IX (or X), 1057–58
antipope: Benedict X, 1058–59
Nicholas II, 1058–61
Alexander II, 1061–73
antipope: Honorius II, 1061–72
St. Gregory VIIGregory7 , 1073–85
antipope: Clement III, 1080–1100 (see Guibert of RavennaGuibertR )
Victor III, 1086–87
Urban IIUrban2 , 1088–99
Paschal IIPaschal2 , 1099–1118
antipope: Theodoric, 1100
antipope: Albert, 1102
antipope: Sylvester IV, 1105–11
Gelasius II, 1118–19
antipope: Gregory VIII, 1118–21
Calixtus IICalixtus2 , 1119–24
Honorius IIHonorius2 , 1124–30
antipope: Celestine II, 1124
Innocent IIInnocent2 , 1130–43
antipope: Anacletus II, 1130–38
antipope: Victor IV, 1138
Celestine II, 1143–44
Lucius II, 1144–45
Eugene IIIEugene3 , 1145–53
Anastasius IV, 1153–54
Adrian IVAdrian4 , 1154–59
Alexander IIIAlexand3 , 1159–81
antipope: Victor IV, 1159–64
antipope: Paschal III, 1164–68
antipope: Calixtus III, 1168–78
antipope: Innocent III, 1179–80
Lucius IIILucius3 , 1181–85
Urban III, 1185–87
Gregory VIII, 1187
Clement III, 1187–91
Celestine III, 1191–98
Innocent IIIInnocent3 , 1198–1216
Honorius IIIHonorius3 , 1216–27
Gregory IXGregory9 , 1227–41
Celestine IV, 1241
Innocent IVInnocent4 , 1243–54
Alexander IV, 1254–61
Urban IVUrban4 ,1261–64
Clement IVClement4 , 1265–68
Gregory X, 1271–76
Innocent VInnocent5 , 1276
Adrian V, 1276
John XXIJohn21 , 1276–77
Nicholas IIINichls3 , 1277–80
Martin IVMartin4 , 1281–85
Honorius IV, 1285–87
Nicholas IV, 1288–92
St. Celestine VCelestinV , 1294
Boniface VIIIBonifc8 , 1294–1303
Benedict XIBenedct11 , 1303–4
Clement VClement5 , 1305–14
John XXIIJohn22 , 1316–34
antipope: Nicholas V, 1328–30 (see Rainalducci, PietroRainaldu )
Benedict XII, 1334–42
Clement VIClement6 , 1342–52
Innocent VIInnocent6 , 1352–62
Urban VUrban5 , 1362–70
Gregory XIGregory11 , 1370–78

The Great Schism, 1378–1417

Roman Line

Urban VIUrban6 , 1378–89
Boniface IXBonifc9 , 1389–1404
Innocent VII, 1404–6
Gregory XIIGregory12 , 1406–15

Avignon Line

antipope: Clement VII, 1378–94 (see Robert of GenevaRbrtGe )
antipope: Benedict XIII, 1394–1423 (see Luna, Pedro deLuna-Ped )
antipope: Clement VII, 1423–29
antipope: Benedict XIV, 1425–30

Pisan Line

antipope: Alexander V, 1409–10
antipope: John XXIII, 1410–15 (see Cossa, BaldassareCossa-Ba )
Martin VMartin5 , 1417–31
Eugene IVEugene4 , 1431–47
antipope: Felix V, 1439–49 (see Amadeus VIIIAmadeus8 )
Nicholas VNichls5 , 1447–55
Calixtus IIICalixtus3 , 1455–58
Pius IIPius2 , 1458–64
Paul IIPaul2 , 1464–71
Sixtus IVSixtus4 , 1471–84
Innocent VIIIInnocent8 , 1484–92
Alexander VIAlexand6 , 1492–1503
Pius III, 1503
Julius IIJulius2 , 1503–13
Leo XLeo10 , 1513–21
Adrian VIAdrian6 , 1522–23
Clement VIIClement7 , 1523–34
Paul IIIPaul3 , 1534–49
Julius III, 1550–55
Marcellus II, 1555
Paul IVPaul4 , 1555–59
Pius IVPius4 , 1559–65
St. Pius VPiusV-St , 1566–72
Gregory XIIIGregory13 , 1572–85
Sixtus VSixtus5 , 1585–90
Urban VII, 1590
Gregory XIV, 1590–91
Innocent IX, 1591
Clement VIIIClement8 , 1592–1605
Leo XI, 1605
Paul VPaul5 , 1605–21
Gregory XV, 1621–23
Urban VIIIUrban8 , 1623–44
Innocent X, 1644–55
Alexander VII, 1655–67
Clement IX, 1667–69
Clement X, 1670–76
Innocent XIInnocent11 , 1676–89
Alexander VIII, 1689–91
Innocent XIIInnocent12 , 1691–1700
Clement XIClement11 , 1700–1721
Innocent XIII, 1721–24
Benedict XIII, 1724–30
Clement XII, 1730–40
Benedict XIVBenedct14 , 1740–58
Clement XIII, 1758–69
Clement XIVClement14 , 1769–74
Pius VIPius6 , 1775–99
Pius VIIPius7 , 1800–1823
Leo XII, 1823–29
Pius VIII, 1829–30
Gregory XVIGregory16 , 1831–46
Pius IXPius9 , 1846–78
Leo XIIILeo13 , 1878–1903
St. Pius XPiusX-St , 1903–14
Benedict XVBenedct15 , 1914–22
Pius XIPius11 , 1922–39
Pius XIIPius12 , 1939–58
John XXIIIJohn23 , 1958–63
Paul VIPaul6 , 1963–78
John Paul IJohnPaul1 , 1978
John Paul IIJohnPaul2 , 1978–2005
Benedict XVIBenedct16 , 2005–13
FrancisFrancis-pope , 2013–

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Popes of the Roman Catholic Church table from Infoplease:

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