guru (gōˈrō, gŏrˈō) [key], in Hinduism and Buddhism, spiritual teacher. The guru gives initiation into spiritual practice and instructs disciples, often maintaining a close relationship with them. Among the Sikhs (see Sikhism) the title guru was given to the 10 leaders of the community from Nanak (c.1469–c.1539), founder of Sikhism, to Govind Singh (1666–1708). Govind appointed no successor, declaring that the Granth (the Sikh scriptures) was the true guru.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
More on guru from Infoplease:
- Nanak: meaning and definitions - Nanak: Definition and Pronunciation
- Exercise Trends - A Healthy New Year From yoga to Tae-Bo, new exercises for the resolution-minded by Mike Morrison ...
- guru: meaning and definitions - guru: Definition and Pronunciation
- The Guru - Starring Heather Graham, Marisa Tomei, Jimi Mistry, Michael McKean, Dash Mihok
- Guru - Biography of Guru, Born Keith Elam, Guru began his career in the mid-1980s as MC Keithy E. After dropping out of graduate school to pursue a rap career, Guru r…
See more Encyclopedia articles on: Hinduism