cauliflower (kôˈlĭflouˌər, kälˈĭ–) [key], variety of cabbage, with an edible head of condensed flowers and flower stems. Broccoli is the horticultural variety ( botrytis ); both were cultivated in Roman times. Cauliflower is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Capparales, family Cruciferae.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Plants