| Share
 

Barnard's star

Barnard's star, star with the largest observed proper motion (rate of motion across the sky with respect to other stars); located in the constellation Ophiuchus. The star's large proper motion, 10.28” per year (or half the moon's apparent diameter in a century), is due in part to the fact that it is the second-nearest star, being at a distance of 5.98 light-years. Barnard's star was discovered in 1916 by E. E. Barnard, an observer known also for his discoveries of 16 comets. It is a faint red dwarf star, apparent magnitude 9.5, of spectral class M5, lying near the bottom of the main sequence in the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram. Slight oscillations in its motion indicate that it has at least one unseen companion.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Barnard's star from Infoplease:

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Astronomy: Stars


Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring