| Share

César Vendôme, duc de

Vendôme, César, duc de (sāzärˈ dük də väNdōmˈ) [key], 1594–1665, French general and politician; son of King Henry IV and his mistress Gabrielle d'Estrées. Legitimized in 1595, he was made duke of Vendôme in 1598, and also acquired Brittany through marriage. He rebelled against Marie de' Medici (1614–16) and against the duc de Luynes (1620) and was imprisoned (1626–30) for conspiring against Cardinal Richelieu. In 1641 he was forced to flee after being accused of plotting against Richelieu. Returning after Richelieu's death, he was exiled (1643) for conspiring against Cardinal Mazarin. However, he was reconciled, married his son to a niece of Mazarin's, and fought on the government side in the Fronde; he captured (1653) Bordeaux, and in 1655 he defeated a Spanish fleet at Barcelona.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: French History: Biographies

Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring