| Share
 

Valentinian I

Valentinian I (vălˌəntĭnˈēən) [key], 321–75, Roman emperor of the West (364–75). He held high military rank under Julian and Jovian. After the death of Jovian, Valentinian was proclaimed emperor; he appointed his brother Valens coregent in the East. Valentinian defeated the Alemanni several times, and his general Theodosius successfully defended the empire in Britain and in Africa. To protect the frontiers of his empire, Valentinian ordered the construction of fortresses on the Rhine and the Danube rivers. He reduced taxation and promoted education. Although he was an orthodox Christian, he allowed religious freedom to Arians and to pagans. He was succeeded by his sons Valentinian II and Gratian.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Valentinian I from Infoplease:

  • Valentinian I: meaning and definitions - Valentinian I: Definition and Pronunciation
  • Theodosius - Theodosius Theodosius, d. 376, Roman general under Valentinian I. He defeated (368–69) the ...
  • Jovian - Jovian Jovian (Flavius Claudius Jovianus), c.331–364, Roman emperor (363–64). The ...
  • Saint Damasus I - Damasus I, Saint Damasus I, Saint , c.305–384, pope (366–84), a Spaniard; successor of ...
  • Valens - Valens Valens , c.328–378, Roman emperor of the East (364–78). Brother and coregent of ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ancient History, Late Roman and Byzantine: Biographies