| Share
 

Thomas Sumter

Sumter, Thomas, 1734–1832, American Revolutionary officer, b. near Charlottesville, Va. He served with Edward Braddock (1755) and John Forbes (1758) in their expeditions against Fort Duquesne in the French and Indian War, and later he fought against the Cherokee. He settled (1765) in South Carolina. Like Francis Marion, he formed (1780) a guerrilla band in the Revolution and harassed the British in the Carolinas. He and the British leader, Banastre Tarleton, struck at each other through 1780. The "gamecock of the Revolution," as Sumter was called, was successful at Hanging Rock, barely escaped with his life at Fishing Creek, was repulsed in a raid on the British post at Rocky Mount, but won again at Blackstock. After the war, he was U.S. Representative (1789–93, 1797–1801), Senator (1801–10), and minister to Brazil (1810–11). Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor is named for him.

See biographies by A. K. Gregorie (1931) and R. D. Bass (1961).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Thomas Sumter from Infoplease:

  • Thomas SUMTER - Thomas SUMTER (1734-1832) Senate Years of Service: 1801-1810 Party: Democratic Republican SUMTER, ...
  • Sumter - Sumter Sumter, city (1990 pop. 41,943), seat of Sumter co., central S.C.; founded 1785, inc. 1845. ...
  • Richard WINN - Richard WINN (1750-1818) WINN, Richard, a Representative from South Carolina; born in Fauquier ...
  • Thomas De Lage SUMTER - Thomas De Lage SUMTER (1809-1874) SUMTER, Thomas De Lage, (grandson of Thomas Sumter), a ...
  • John TAYLOR - John TAYLOR (1770-1832) Senate Years of Service: 1810-1816 Party: Democratic Republican TAYLOR, ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. History: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring