| Share
 

Vilhjalmur Stefansson

Stefansson, Vilhjalmur (vĭlˈhyoulmər stĕfˈənsən) [key], 1879–1962, Arctic explorer, b. Canada, of Icelandic parents, educated at the Univ. of North Dakota, the State Univ. of Iowa, and Harvard. He led several expeditions of exploration and of ethnological and archaeological investigation in the Arctic. For supplies he relied heavily on local resources, and he adopted the Eskimo way of living, thus successfully demonstrating his theory that the rigors of existence in the Arctic are much reduced by the use of such techniques. He made two expeditions (1906–7, 1908–12) to the delta of the Mackenzie River. Later he undertook (1913–18) the most prolonged polar exploration in history by remaining N of the Arctic Circle for an unbroken period of more than five years while exploring the Canadian and Alaskan sectors of the Arctic. In 1952, Stefansson Island, at the tip of Victoria Island, was named for him. He was the curator of the Stefansson Collection at Dartmouth College, to which he gave his library of polar material. His many books include My Life with the Eskimo (1913), The Friendly Arctic (1915, new enl. ed. 1943), Iceland (1939), Greenland (1942), and Northwest to Fortune (1958). He edited Great Adventures and Explorations (1947).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Vilhjalmur Stefansson from Infoplease:

  • Stefansson: meaning and definitions - Stefansson: Definition and Pronunciation
  • Beaufort Sea - Beaufort Sea Beaufort Sea , part of the Arctic Ocean, N of Alaska and Canada, between Point Barrow, ...
  • Banks Island - Banks Island Banks Island, c.26,000 sq mi (67,340 sq km), NW Northwest Territories, Canada, in the ...
  • Sir George Hubert Wilkins - Wilkins, Sir George Hubert Wilkins, Sir George Hubert, 1888–1958, British explorer, b. ...
  • Wrangel Island - Wrangel Island Wrangel Island or Wrangell Island, Rus. Ostrov Vrangelya, island, 1,740 sq mi (4,507 ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Geography: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring