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William Meredith Stanley

Stanley, William Meredith, 1904–71, American biochemist, b. Ridgeville, Ind., Ph.D. Univ. of Illinois, 1929. He was a professor at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (now Rockefeller Univ.) from 1932 to 1948 and at the Univ. of California, Berkeley, from 1948 to 1971. Stanley was a corecipient with James Sumner and John Northrop of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1946. He and Northrop were cited for their preparation of enzymes and virus proteins in a pure form. Stanley crystallized the tobacco mosaic virus and established its molecular structure, paving the way for other scientists to determine the molecular structures and propagation modes of other viruses.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Biochemistry: Biographies


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