Edward Joseph Snowden

Snowden, Edward Joseph, 1983–, American computer systems administrator and antigovernment activist, b. Elizabeth City, N.C. Snowden worked for the Central Intelligence Agency from 2007 and then (2009) for private contractors working for the National Security Agency. He reportedly began downloading classified intelligence documents in 2012, and in late 2012 began contacting reporters, offering to leak the information he had collected. In June, 2013, articles on the NSA's mass surveillance of telecommunications and Internet activity, based on Snowden's leaks, began appearing in the British newspaper the Guardian and the Washington Post. Snowden had fled (May) to Hong Kong, and subsequently went to Russia, where he received temporary asylum; the United States charged him with crimes under the Espionage Act because of the leaks. Later articles based on documents Snowden leaked have alleged spying on European and Latin American allies.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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