|  Share | Cite

Hideki Shirakawa

Shirakawa, Hideki, 1936–, Japanese chemist, Ph.D. Tokyo Institute of Technology, 1966. Shirakawa was a research assistant at the Tokyo Institute of Technology from 1966 to 1979. He then taught at the Univ. of Tsukuba, where he was a professor from 1979 until he retired in 2000. In 2000 Shirakawa was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Alan MacDiarmid and Alan Heeger for the discovery and development of conductive polymers. Although plastics have long been used as insulators because of their apparent inability to conduct electricity, the three researchers discovered that chemical modification enables some polymers to become as conductive as metals while retaining the flexibility and low weight of plastics. The discovery of conductive polymers provided the foundation for the field of molecular electronics.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Hideki Shirakawa from Infoplease:

  • Alan MacDiarmid - Biography of Alan MacDiarmid, Chemistry professor at the University of Pennsylvania who shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2000. He, Alan Heeger, and Hideki Shirakawa…
  • 2000 Nobel Prize Winners - 2000 Nobel Prize Winners Peace: Kim Dae Jung, president of South Korea, was cited “for his ...
  • Top News Stories from 2000 - News stories covering international, U.S., science, financial, entertainment & sports events from 2000. Includes basic U.S., world & economic statistics and links to detailed statistical data
  • Nobel Prize for Chemistry - The following table lists every winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, from 1901 through this year.
  • Nobel Prizes (table) - Nobel Prizes Year Peace Chemistry Physics Physiology or Medicine Literature 1901 J. H. Dunant ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Chemistry: Biographies