|  Share | Cite

Osamu Shimomura

Shimomura, Osamu, 1928–, Japanese organic chemist and marine biologist, Ph.D. Nagoya Univ., 1960. Shimomura was a researcher at Princeton from 1960–82. Since then, he has been a professor at the Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Mass., and at Boston Univ. Medical School. He shared the 2008 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Martin Chalfie and Roger Tsien for their discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein (GFP). Shimomura is credited with being the first to isolate GFP (from the jellyfish Aequorea victoria ) and to discover that the protein glows bright green under ultraviolet light. GFP's use as a biological marker for particular characteristics has made it one of the most important tools in contemporary bioscience.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Osamu Shimomura from Infoplease:

  • 2008 Nobel Prize Winners - 2007 Nobel Prize winners.
  • Nobel Prize for Chemistry - The following table lists every winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, from 1901 through this year.
  • Top News Stories from 2008 - News stories covering international, U.S., science, financial, entertainment & sports events from 2008. Includes basic U.S., world & economic statistics and links to detailed statistical data

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Biochemistry: Biographies