| Share
 

Taras Shevchenko

Shevchenko, Taras (täˈrəs shĭvchĕnˈkō) [key], 1814–61, Ukrainian poet and artist. Born a serf and orphaned early, Shevchenko passed a wretched childhood in the service of a brutal sexton. He was apprenticed to icon and mural painters until he was bought and freed in 1838 by a group of intellectuals who recognized his talent. Shevchenko became a prominent realist painter and his Ukrainian ballads, dealing with peasant life, were published in Russian. He joined a Ukrainian nationalist society, writing bitterly against serfdom and Russian autocracy. The Heretic (1845) professed his dream of a free brotherhood of all Slavs. Banished to an appalling military existence in Central Asia for his liberal ideas, he wrote exquisite lyric poetry and numerous novels in exile (1847–57). Dogged by terrible misfortune in love and life, the poet died seven days before the Emancipation of Serfs was announced. Shevchenko had tremendous influence on Ukrainian literature.

See editions in English of his work by C. A. Manning (1945) and C. H. Andrusyshen and W. Kirkconnell (1964); R. Smal-Stocki, Shevchenko Meets America (3d ed. 1964).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Taras Shevchenko from Infoplease:

  • Lesia Ukrainka - Ukrainka, Lesia Ukrainka, Lesia , 1871–1913, Ukrainian poet and dramatist, whose original ...
  • Uman - Uman Uman , city (1989 pop. 91,000), central Ukraine, at the confluence of the Kamenka and Umanka ...
  • Ukrainian literature - Ukrainian literature Ukrainian literature, literary writings in the Ukrainian language. Kievan ...
  • Ukraine - Ukraine Profile: People, History, Government and Political Conditions, Economy, Foreign Relations, U.S.-Ukrainian Relations

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Russian and Eastern European Literature: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring