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Mikhail Evgrafovich Saltykov-Shchedrin

Saltykov-Shchedrin, Mikhail Evgrafovich (mēkhəyēlˈ yĭvgräˈfəvĭch sälˈtĭkôf-shchĕˈdrēn) [key], 1826–89, Russian novelist and satirist. Saltykov-Shchedrin was a master of the satirical sketch, which he used to attack the bourgeoisie, the gentry, and the officials of the civil service, of which he was a member. His greatest satirical work is The History of a Town (1869–70), directed against Russian officials and citizens alike. His masterpiece is his only novel, The Golovyov Family (1876, tr. 1931), a study of decaying gentry. Fables (1885, tr. 1931), a collection of pointedly critical tales in the manner of Aesop, revealed his genius for circumventing the censor.

See N. Strelsky, Saltykov and the Russian Squire (1940).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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