| Share
 

Sabbatai Zevi

Sabbatai Zevi (säbätĪˈ zāˈvē) [key], 1626–76, Jewish mystic and pseudo-Messiah, founder of the Sabbatean sect, b. Smyrna. After a period of study of Lurianic kabbalah (see Luria, Isaac ben Solomon), he became deeply influenced by its ideas of imminent national redemption. In 1648 he proclaimed himself the Messiah, named the year 1666 as the millennium, and gathered a host of followers. In 1666 he attempted to land in Constantinople, was captured, and to escape death embraced Islam. Nevertheless, the influence of the Sabbatean movement survived for many years; it had secret adherents in the 18th cent. and was revived under Jacob Frank. The name is also spelled Shabbatai Zvi.

See G. G. Scholem, Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism (3d rev. ed. 1954, repr. 1967), The Messianic Ideas in Judaism (tr. 1971), and Sabbatai Sevi, the Mystical Messiah (tr. 1973).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Sabbatai Zevi from Infoplease:

  • Shabbatai Zvi - Shabbatai Zvi: Shabbatai Zvi: see Sabbatai Zevi.
  • Gershom Gerhard Scholem - Scholem, Gershom Gerhard Scholem, Gershom Gerhard , 1897–1982, Jewish scholar, b. Berlin. He ...
  • Jacob Frank - Frank, Jacob Frank, Jacob, c.1726–1791, Polish Jewish sectarian and adventurer, b. Podolia as ...
  • kabbalah - kabbalah kabbalah or cabala[Heb.,=reception], esoteric system of interpretation of the Scriptures ...
  • Jews: Diaspora - Diaspora As political aspirations subsided, the Jewish community was increasingly led by scholars ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Judaism: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring