|  Share | Cite

Karl Renner

Renner, Karl (kärl rĕnˈər) [key], 1870–1950, Austrian socialist politician. A deputy after 1907, Renner became, following the abdication (Nov., 1918) of Emperor Charles I, the head of the provisional Austrian government and, after elections were held, the first chancellor (1919–20) of the Austrian republic. As leader of the Austrian delegation at the Paris Peace Conference, Renner signed the Treaty of Saint-Germain. He later served (1931–33) as president of the parliament. As World War II was ending in Apr., 1945, Renner became premier and minister of foreign affairs in the provisional Austrian government, and in Dec., 1945, he was elected president of the liberated Austrian republic. After his death he was succeeded by Theodor Körner. Renner wrote works in sociology, economics, and political science.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Karl Renner from Infoplease:

  • Austria: Rulers - Austria: Rulers Emperors Franz I, last Holy Roman Emperor, first Emperor of Austria ...
  • Austria: History - History During the past 10 centuries, the term Austria has designated a variety of geographic and ...
  • Austria - Austria Profile: People and History, Government, Political Conditions, Economy, Foreign Relations, U.S.-Austrian Relations

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Austria and Hungary, History: Biographies