| Share
 

Ryoji Noyori

Noyori, Ryoji, 1938–, Japanese chemist, D.Eng. Kyoto Univ., 1967. Noyori was an instructor at Kyoto Univ. from 1963 to 1968. He then joined the faculty at Nagoya Univ., where he is a professor and director of the Research Center for Materials Science. Noyori shared the 2001 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with William Knowles and Barry Sharpless for the development of catalytic asymmetric synthesis, with the work of Noyori and Knowles focusing on the utilizing the process of hydrogenation and that of Sharpless on utilizing oxidation (see oxidation and reduction). Most molecules in nature exist in chiral forms whose structures mirror each other (see Stereoisomers under isomer), with one chiral form often biologically active and the other inactive. Catalytic asymmetric synthesis is an enzymelike process that can quickly produce an excess of one of these chiral forms; it has applications in the production of industrial biomaterials and pharmaceuticals.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Ryoji Noyori from Infoplease:

  • 2001 Nobel Prize Winners - 2001 Nobel Prize Winners Peace: United Nations and Kofi Annan, secretary-general of the UN, were ...
  • Top News Stories from 2001 - News stories covering international, U.S., science, financial, entertainment & sports events from 2001. Includes basic U.S., world & economic statistics and links to detailed statistical data
  • Nobel Prize for Chemistry - The following table lists every winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, from 1901 through this year.
  • Nobel Prizes (table) - Nobel Prizes Year Peace Chemistry Physics Physiology or Medicine Literature 1901 J. H. Dunant ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Chemistry: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring