| Share
 

Saparmurat Niyazov

Niyazov, Saparmurat (säpärˈmōrätˌ nēyäˈzôf) [key], 1940–2006, Soviet and Turkmen political leader, president of Turkmenistan (1991–2006). An engineer and member of the Communist party, he worked in the electrical power industry and held party positions in what was then the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic of the USSR. In 1985 he became the premier of the Turkmen SSR and then head of Turkmen Communist party. Republic president from 1990, he supported the failed hard-line coup against Soviet President Gorbachev in 1991 and became president of Turkmenistan when it declared its sovereignty later the same year. Previously regarded as self-effacing, Niyazov established an intrusive and repressive authoritarian rule in Turkmenistan and created a self-glorifying personality cult that proclaimed him "Turkmenbashi" [father, or leader, of all Turkmen]. His rule was marked by corruption, the deterioration of the educational, health-care, and social systems, wasteful government projects, and bizarre decrees. His sudden death in Dec., 2006, left a power vacuum in Turkmenistan.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Saparmurat Niyazov from Infoplease:

  • Saparmurat Niyazov - Saparmurat Niyazov Age: 66 president-for-life of Turkmenistan, who ruled the country with an iron ...
  • M - Q - M - Q Naguib Mahfouz Mako Arif Mardin Sophie Maslow Robert McCullough Robert McFerrin Sr. Darren ...
  • Turkmenistan - Information on Turkmenistan — geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, as well as a map and the national flag.
  • Turkmenistan: History - History Originally a part of the kingdom of ancient Persia, Turkmenistan was conquered in 330 B.C. ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Central Asian History: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring