| Share
 

Mongkut

Mongkut (môngˈkōt) [key] or Rama IV rämˈə, 1804–68, king of Siam, now Thailand (1851–68). A devout Buddhist monk, he was displaced in succession to the throne by his brother, who ascended as Rama III. Mongkut became king as Rama IV in 1851, and then used his knowledge, especially of the West, accumulated during his long years of study, to further his country's interests. He established diplomatic relations with several European countries and the United States, opened Siam to Western trade, and undertook extensive internal reform in all fields. Because of these measures, Siam was the only country in Southeast Asia not to fall under Western control in the 19th cent. He was succeeded by his son Chulalongkorn. Mongkut was made famous in the West by Margaret Landon's book Anna and the King of Siam (1944), which was based on the reminiscences of Anna Leonowens, a British governess at the court of Siam.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Mongkut from Infoplease:

  • King Mongkut - Biography of King Mongkut, Thai king who inspired Anna and the King of Siam
  • Rama IV, king of Siam - Rama IV: Rama IV: see Mongkut.
  • Chulalongkorn - Chulalongkorn Chulalongkorn or Rama V, 1853–1910, king of Siam (1868–1910). Educated in ...
  • Anna and the King - Starring Jodie Foster, Chow Yun-Fat, Bai Ling, Deanna Yusoff, Melissa Campbell
  • October 18 Birthdays: Chuck Berry - October 18 birthdays: Chuck Berry, King Mongkut, Zac Efron, Mike Ditka, Martina Navratilova, Wynton Marsalis, Ntozake Shange, Lotte Lenya, George C. Scott, Lee Harvey Oswald, Canaletto , Edward Winslow, Pierre Elliott Trudeau, Jean-Claude Van Damme

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Southeast Asia History: Biographies


Premium Partner Content
HighBeam Research
Documents Images and Maps Reference
(from Newspapers, Magazines, Journals, Newswires, Transcripts and Books)

Research our extensive archive of more than 80 million articles from 6,500 publications.

Additional search results provided by HighBeam Research, LLC. © Copyright 2005. All rights reserved.

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring