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Pietro Metastasio

Metastasio, Pietro (pyĕˈtrō mātästäˈzēō) [key], 1698–1782, Italian poet and librettist, whose original name was Antonio Bonaventura Trapassi. A prodigy at poetic improvisation, he became court poet at Vienna in 1729. He wrote melodious lyric verse; a masque, Gli orti esperidi (1721–22); and librettos of many operas, including Didone abbandonata (1724), Artaserse (1730, tr. 1761), La clemenza di Tito (1734, tr. 1811), and Il re pastore (1751, tr. 1765). These librettos were set to music by many composers, including Gluck, Handel, Mozart, Pergolesi, and Rossini. Metastasio, with Apostolo Zeno, whom he succeeded as imperial poet laureate at Vienna, created the rigid opera seria (see opera). His melodrama Attilio Regolo (1750) is generally considered his masterpiece.

See his Dramas and Other Poems (3 vol., tr. 1800).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Pietro Metastasio from Infoplease:

  • Metastasio: meaning and definitions - Metastasio: Definition and Pronunciation
  • libretto - libretto libretto [Ital.,=little book], the text of an opera or an oratorio. Although a play ...
  • oratorio - oratorio oratorio , musical composition employing chorus, orchestra, and soloists and usually, but ...
  • opera: Early Opera - Early Opera Florentine Beginnings Although musical drama, such as The Play of Daniel (12th cent.), ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Italian Literature: Biographies

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