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Walter de Merton

Merton, Walter de, d. 1277, English bishop, founder of Merton College, Oxford. He was lord chancellor from 1261 to 1263, was reappointed after the death of Henry III (1272), and was made bishop of Rochester in 1274. In 1261 he obtained a charter from the earl of Gloucester for the assignation of lands for the support of scholars, and in 1264 a regular charter of incorporation established a "House of Scholars" at Malden, Surrey; this was later transferred to Oxford. The establishment of a corporate body to rule and control the scholars marks the beginning of the collegiate system of education, and Merton College became the model for other colleges at Oxford and Cambridge.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Walter de Merton from Infoplease:

  • Merton - Merton Merton, outer borough (1991 pop. 161,800) of Greater London, SE England. The area is largely ...
  • Merton College - Merton College Founded by Walter de Merton, Bishop of Rochester, and Lord High Chancellor in 1264. ...

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