| Share


Mardonius (märdōˈnēəs) [key], d. 479 B.C., Persian general; son-in-law of Darius I. Darius sent him (492 B.C.) to retaliate against Eretria and Athens for aiding the Ionians in the Persian Wars, but his fleet was lost in a storm off Mt. Athos, and a Thracian tribe destroyed a large part of his army. He helped Xerxes I plan his invasion of Greece. Xerxes returned (480 B.C.) to Persia after his defeat at Salamis and left Mardonius in command in Greece. Mardonius was defeated and killed at Plataea.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Mardonius from Infoplease:

  • Mardonius - Mardonius (Captain), in A King or No King, by Beaumont and Fletcher. Source: Dictionary of Phrase ...
  • Xerxes I - Xerxes I Xerxes I (Xerxes the Great), d. 465 B.C., king of ancient Persia (486–465 B.C.). His ...
  • Persian Wars - Persian Wars Persian Wars, 500 B.C.–449 B.C., series of conflicts fought between Greek states ...
  • Encyclopedia: Ancient History, Middle East: Biographies - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Ancient History, Middle East: Biographies.
  • Stone - Stone (1 syl.). The sacred stone of the Caaba (q.v.) is, according to Arab tradition, the guardian ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ancient History, Middle East: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring