King, Stephen, 1947–, American writer, b. Portland, Maine. A hugely prolific author, he writes horror stories influenced by the 19th-century Gothic tradition, especially that of Edgar Allan Poe. His novels, short stories, screenplays, and essays have made him one of the world's best-selling authors. King takes everyday situations and experiences and reveals their macabre and horrific potential. Noted for their cinematic style, many of his novels and stories have been turned into successful motion pictures, some with screenplays by King, e.g., Pet Sematary (1989, film 1992), Carrie (1974, film 1976), The Shining (1977, film 1980) and its sequel, Doctor Sleep (2013), Misery (1987, film 1990), Needful Things (1991, film 1993), Dolores Claiborne (1992, film 1995), and Dreamcatcher (2001, film 2003). His other novels include Rose Madder (1995), Bag of Bones (1998), a seven-volume fantasy series entitled The Dark Tower (1982–2004), Cell (2006), Lisey's Story (2006), Duma Key (2008), Under the Dome (2009), the baseball-themed Blockade Billy (2010), and the time-traveling 11/22/63 (2011). The novella Riding the Bullet (2000, film 2004) was released as an electronic entity, to be read on an e-book reader, personal digital assistant, or computer, and a subsequent novel, The Plant, was electronically self-published and released in installments on the Internet beginning in 2000. His On Writing (2000) recounts his life, his craft, and a near-fatal accident.
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