| Share

John Frederick I

John Frederick I, 1503–54, elector (1532–47) and duke (1547–54) of Saxony; last elector of the Ernestine branch of the house of Wettin. Like his father, John the Steadfast, whom he succeeded, John Frederick was a devout Lutheran. A leader of the Schmalkaldic League, he vacillated in loyalty to Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, but he was thrown into opposition when Charles undertook the Schmalkaldic War to crush the independence of the imperial states in Germany and to restore Christian unity. Captured (1547) in the battle of Mühlberg, John Frederick was forced to renounce the electorate in favor of his cousin and enemy, Maurice, duke of Saxony. He retained only a remnant of his lands and the title of duke. He refused to abandon his religious beliefs during subsequent imprisonment (1547–52).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on John Frederick I from Infoplease:

  • Mühlberg - Mühlberg Mühlberg , town, Saxony, E central Germany, on the Elbe River. In 1547, Emperor ...
  • Nikolaus von Amsdorf - Amsdorf, Nikolaus von Amsdorf, Nikolaus von , 1483–1565, German Protestant reformer. He ...
  • Schmalkaldic League - Schmalkaldic League Schmalkaldic League , alliance formed in 1531 at Schmalkalden by Protestant ...
  • Georg Pencz - Pencz, Georg Pencz, Georg , c.1500–1550, German painter and engraver of the Nuremberg school. ...
  • Maurice, duke and elector of Saxony - Maurice Maurice, 1521–53, duke (1541–47) and elector (1547–53) of Saxony. A ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: German History: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring