| Share
 

Edmund Husserl

Husserl, Edmund (ĕtˈmŏnt hŏsˈərl) [key], 1859–1938, German philosopher, founder of the phenomenological movement (see phenomenology). He was professor at Göttingen and Freiburg and was greatly influenced by Franz Brentano. His philosophy is a descriptive study of consciousness for the purpose of discovering the structure of experience, i.e., the laws by which experiences are had. His method was to "bracket" the data of consciousness by suspending all preconceptions, especially those drawn from the "naturalistic standpoint." Thus, objects of pure imagination are examined with the same seriousness as data taken from the objective world. Husserl concluded that consciousness has no life apart from the objects it considers. This characteristic he calls "intentionality" (object-directedness), following Brentano. In his later work, Husserl moved toward idealism and denied that objects exist outside consciousness. His chief works are Logische Untersuchungen (1900–1901) and Ideas for a Pure Phenomenology (tr. 1952).

See studies by P. Ricoeur (1967), M. Natanson (1973), J. Kockelmans, ed. (1967, repr. 1978), H. L. Dreyfus and H. Hall, ed. (1982), D. Willard (1984), and E. Levinas (1973, repr. 1985).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Edmund Husserl from Infoplease:

  • Husserl: meaning and definitions - Husserl: Definition and Pronunciation
  • Franz Brentano - Brentano, Franz Brentano, Franz , 1838–1917, German philosopher and psychologist. He was a ...
  • 1974 National Book Awards - 1974 National Book Awards Arts and Letters Deeper Into the Movies, Pauline Kael Biography Macaulay: ...
  • Max Scheler - Scheler, Max Scheler, Max , 1874–1928, German philosopher. He taught at the universities of ...
  • phenomenology - phenomenology phenomenology, modern school of philosophy founded by Edmund Husserl. Its influence ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Philosophy: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring