| Share

Max Horkheimer

Horkheimer, Max (hôrkˈhĪˌmər, hôrˈkĪˌ–) [key], 1895–1973, German philosopher and sociologist. As director (1930–58) of the Institute for Social Research in Frankfurt, he played an important role in the development of critical theory and Western Marxism. In Eclipse of Reason (1947) and Dialectic of Enlightenment (1947, written with Theodor Adorno), he developed a critique of scientific positivism, whose "instrumental rationality" had become a form of domination in both capitalist and socialist countries. Against an older, deterministic Marxism, he argued that culture and consciousness are partly independent of economics, and his ideas about liberation and consumer society continue to influence contemporary empirical sociologists.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Max Horkheimer from Infoplease:

  • Theodor Wiesengrund Adorno - Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund Adorno, Theodor Wiesengrund , 1903–69, German philosopher, born ...
  • Frankfurt School - Frankfurt School Frankfurt School, a group of researchers associated with the Institut für ...
  • Herbert Marcuse - Marcuse, Herbert Marcuse, Herbert , 1898–1979, U.S. political philosopher, b. Berlin. He was ...
  • Marxism: Influence of Marxism - Influence of Marxism Political Influence The first impact of Marxism was felt in continental ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Philosophy: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring