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Karl Ferdinand Gutzkow

Gutzkow, Karl Ferdinand (kärl fĕrˈdēnänt gŏtsˈkō) [key], 1811–78, German writer. He entered journalism in 1831 and became a leader of the antiromantic and nationally conscious literary movement known as Young Germany. For his Wally die Zweiflerin [Wally the doubter] (1835), an attack on marriage and religious orthodoxy, he was briefly jailed. Gutzkow's controversial writings furthered German social and political liberalism, and his novel Die Ritter vom Geiste [knights of the spirit] (9 vol., 1850–52) is important in the development of the modern German social novel. Among his plays is Uriel Acosta (1847, tr. 1860), which, although derivative, is perhaps his best work.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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See more Encyclopedia articles on: German Literature: Biographies

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