| Share
 

John Gardner

Gardner, John (John Champlin Gardner, Jr.), 1933–82, American writer, b. Batavia, N.Y. He was a teacher, lecturer, and prolific writer of fiction, children's books, poetry, radio plays, and scholarly medieval studies. He studied at Washington Univ., St. Louis (grad. 1955) and Iowa State Univ. (M.A., 1956; Ph.D., 1958) and taught creative writing and medieval literature at a number of American colleges. His novels include Resurrection (1966), The Wreckage of Agathon (1970), The Sunlight Dialogues (1972), Nickel Mountain (1973), October Light (1976), and Freddie's Book (1980). Among his volumes of short stories are The King's Indian (1974) and The Art of Living (1981).

Frequently exploring philosophical questions, his novels sometimes derive from literary sources. Gardner first gained notice with Grendel (1971), which recasts the story of Beowulf with the monster as the protagonist. In his controversial work of criticism, On Moral Fiction (1978), Gardner defends the importance of maintaining a high moral purpose in fiction and criticizes his contemporaries for indulging in cleverness at the expense of the traditional strengths of the novel. He also wrote On Becoming a Novelist (1983) and The Art of Fiction (1984). Many of his critical essays were collected in On Writers and Writing (1994).

See biography by B. Silesky (2004); studies by D. Cowart (1983) and L. Butts (1988).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on John Gardner from Infoplease:

  • Gardner: meaning and definitions - Gardner: Definition and Pronunciation
  • John GARDNER - John GARDNER (1747-1808) GARDNER, John, a Delegate from Rhode Island; born in South Kingstown, ...
  • James Bond - Biography of James Bond, Secret agent star of Goldfinger and other films
  • Gerald Rudolph Ford - Gerald Rudolph Ford Born: 7/14/1913 Birthplace: Omaha, Neb. Gerald Rudolph Ford was born Leslie ...
  • July 21 Birthdays: Ernest Hemingway - July 21 birthdays: Ernest Hemingway, Robin Williams, Isaac Stern, Jean Picard, Garry Trudeau, John Gardner, Janet Reno, Kenneth Starr

See more Encyclopedia articles on: American Literature: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring