| Share
 

Claude Garamond

Garamond, Claude (klōd gärämôNˈ) [key], 1480–1561, Parisian designer and maker of printing types. According to tradition he learned his art from Geofroy Tory. Types designed by Garamond were used in the printeries of the Estienne family, Colines, Plantin, and Bodoni, and types used by the Elzevir family were based on his designs. His royal Greek type ( grecs du roi ), designed for Francis I, imitated the Greek writing of a scholar of his time (Angelos Vergetios). His roman and italic types, however, were innovations in being designed as metal types, not as imitations of handwriting. His roman letter forms won general acceptance in France and elsewhere and were a chief influence in establishing the roman letter as standard, in place of the gothic or black letter. Some modern type designs given his name are not closely related to his, but are based on types that were mistakenly attributed to him.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Claude Garamond from Infoplease:

  • Garamond: meaning and definitions - Garamond: Definition and Pronunciation
  • type - type type, for printing, was invented in China (c.1040), using woodblocks. Related devices, such as ...
  • Estienne - Estienne Estienne, Étienne, or, Latinized, Stephanus, family of Parisian and Genevan ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Libraries, Books, and Printing: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring