Frankenthaler, Helen (frăngkˈənthŏlər) [key], 1928–2011, American painter, b. New York City. A member of abstract expressionism's second generation, Frankenthaler was greatly influenced by Jackson Pollock, with whom she studied. She developed a technique for staining unprimed canvases with color, first using it in her painting Mountains and Sea (1952). The technique was later to influence such color-field painters (see color-field painting) as Morris Louis and Kenneth Noland. Her abstract works evoke a lyrical and sensuous mood, as in Blue Territory (1955) and Arden (1961; both: Whitney Mus., New York City). Frankenthaler was also a skilled printmaker.
See studies by K. Wilkin (1985), E. A. Carmean (1989), J. Elderfield (1989), R. Fine (1993), P. Harrison (1996), J. Goldman et al. (2002), J. Brown and S. Cross (2003), and A. Rowley (2008).
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