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Emil Fischer

Fischer, Emil (āˈmēl fĭshˈər) [key], 1852–1919, German organic chemist. He is especially noted for his researches on the structure and synthesis of sugars and of purines and purine base derivatives, e.g., caffeine; for this work he received the 1902 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. His many other valuable discoveries include a method of synthesizing polypeptides. He was an assistant of Adolf von Baeyer and was professor at the universities of Erlangen (1882–85), Würzburg (1885–92), and Berlin (from 1892).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Emil Fischer from Infoplease:

  • Fischer: meaning and definitions - Fischer: Definition and Pronunciation
  • purine - purine purine, type of organic base found in the nucleotides and nucleic acids of plant and animal ...
  • tautomer - tautomer tautomer , one of two or more structural isomers that exist in equilibrium and are readily ...
  • Top News Stories from 1902 - News stories covering international, U.S., science, financial, entertainment & sports events from 1902. Includes basic U.S., world & economic statistics and links to detailed statistical data
  • Nobel Prize for Chemistry - The following table lists every winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, from 1901 through this year.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Chemistry: Biographies

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