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Faustina (fôstĪˈnə) [key], name of two women, wives of Roman emperors. 1 The elder (c.104–141) was the wife of Antoninus Pius, who founded a school for orphan girls in her honor. 2 The younger (c.125–176), daughter of Antoninus Pius and the elder Faustina, was the wife of Marcus Aurelius. She accompanied her husband on most of his campaigns, and she was called Mater Castrorum [mother of the camps] on the coinage.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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