| Share


Critias (krĭshˈēəs, krĭtēəs) [key], c.460–403 B.C., Athenian political leader and writer. A relative of Plato, he was an aristocrat and had early training in philosophy with Socrates and wrote poems and tragedies. He is best remembered, however, as one of the Thirty Tyrants imposed on Athens by the Spartans. He was soon at odds with Theramenes, who was put to death. Critias earned a name for rapacity and bloodthirstiness, although Plato seems to have admired him, using him as a speaker in the dialogues Protagoras, Timaeus, and Critias. When Thrasybulus led his forces against the Thirty, Critias was killed in battle.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Critias from Infoplease:

  • Thirty Tyrants - Thirty Tyrants Thirty Tyrants, oligarchy of ancient Athens (404–403 B.C.). It was created by ...
  • Theramenes - Theramenes Theramenes , c.455–404? B.C., Athenian statesman. He helped to establish (411 ...
  • Atlantis - Atlantis Atlantis , in Greek legend, large island in the western sea (the Atlantic Ocean). Plato, ...
  • Socrates: Life - Life Socrates was the son of Sophroniscus, a sculptor. It is said that in early life he practiced ...
  • Encyclopedia: Ancient History, Greece: Biographies - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Ancient History, Greece: Biographies.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ancient History, Greece: Biographies

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring