Barbara Villiers Cleveland, duchess of
Cleveland, Barbara Villiers, duchess of (vĭlˈərz, vĭlˈyərz) [key], 1641–1709, mistress of King Charles II of England. She became Charles's mistress at Breda in 1660 and returned with him to England at the Restoration. The king made her husband, Roger Palmer, earl of Castlemaine. As Lady Castlemaine, Barbara Villiers was the archenemy of the earl of Clarendon, the lord chancellor, and her glee at his downfall (1667) is recorded in Pepys' diary. She was made duchess in 1670, but by 1671 had been supplanted in Charles's affections by Louise de Kéroualle (the future duchess of Portsmouth). She bore the king several children.
See biography by A. Andrews (1970).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
More on Barbara Villiers duchess of Cleveland from Infoplease:
See more Encyclopedia articles on: British and Irish History: Biographies