|  Share | Cite

Sir Austen Chamberlain

Chamberlain, Sir Austen (Joseph Austen Chamberlain)chāmˈbərlĭn, 1863–1937, British statesman; son of Joseph Chamberlain and half-brother of Neville Chamberlain. He entered Parliament as a Conservative in 1892. He was chancellor of the exchequer (1903–5), secretary of state for India (1915–17), a member of Lloyd George's war cabinet (1918), again (1919–21) chancellor of the exchequer, and lord privy seal (1921–22). Although he succeeded Andrew Bonar Law as Conservative leader in 1921, he opposed the Conservative withdrawal that brought down Lloyd George's government in 1922. From 1924 to 1929, Chamberlain was foreign secretary under Stanley Baldwin. The Locarno Pact of 1925 was largely his work, and in the same year he was awarded (with Charles G. Dawes) the Nobel Peace Prize. He last held a cabinet position in 1931, but he continued to be influential in Parliament until his death.

See his Down the Years (1935), Politics from Inside (1936), and Seen in Passing (1937); Sir Charles Petrie, Life and Letters of Sir Austen Chamberlain (1939–40); biography by D. Dutton (1985).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Sir Austen Chamberlain from Infoplease:

  • chamberlain: meaning and definitions - chamberlain: Definition and Pronunciation
  • Charles Gates Dawes - Dawes, Charles Gates Dawes, Charles Gates , 1865–1951, American statesman and banker, b. ...
  • Neville Chamberlain - Chamberlain, Neville Chamberlain, Neville (Arthur Neville Chamberlain), 1869–1940, British ...
  • Top News Stories from 1925 - News stories covering international, U.S., science, financial, entertainment & sports events from 1925. Includes basic U.S., world & economic statistics and links to detailed statistical data
  • Nobel Prize for Peace - Below find every winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, from 1901 through 2009. Winners include Barack Obama, the Dalai Lama, Henry Kissinger, Theodore Roosevelt, and Desmond Tutu.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: British and Irish History: Biographies